The region was fundamentally important in the history of domesticating several plants including maize. During the Postclassic, Tehuacan was the region’s most important site in terms of religion and politics.
The center of Mexica religious and political life, the extraordinary remains of Templo Mayor stand in the heart of Mexico City. Dedicated to Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli, its treasures include a wall of skulls altar, the House of the Eagles, and a monolithic sculpture of the goddess Coyolxauhqui.
Spectacular platforms with retaining walls, plazas, palaces, shrines and dwellings. Maintained important commercial relationships (300-1200) with the neighboring region, the Gulf Coast of Mexico, the Central Depression of Chiapas and the Guatemala highlands.
First capital of the Chichimecas of Xólotl (end of the twelfth century) until it was moved to Texcoco. It still contains an extraordinary pyramid crowned with twin temples dedicated to Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli, with glyphs on many steps and surrounded by a wall of serpents.
Unique settlement in the present-day state of Guerrero with monumental architecture bearing Olmec traces. It played a key role in the supply, manufacture and redistribution of luxury goods from the coast destined for the Valley of Mexico. It was inhabited for almost 800 years.
Engulfed in the urban sprawl of present-day Cuernavaca, and originally inhabited possibly by Tlahuicas, when the Mexica dominated the region they built new palaces, temples and houses. The principal pyramid survives, surmounted by two temples, one dedicated to Tlaloc and the other to Huitzilopochtli.
To the south of the Toluca Valley, this was successively a civic and religious center, a walled city and a military garrison (650-1550 AD). A jaguar is sculpted in bas-relief on a monolith in the impressive Plaza of the Jaguar. There are also other stone reliefs.
The great Mesoamerican city was at the heart of politics, the economy, trade, religion and culture. Its influence reached such distant places as Tikal. The city of Teotihuacan was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987, owing to the outstanding value of its monumental building complexes, mural paintings and living areas.
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