Twelve and a half centuries ago, the city of Xlapak supplied the Puuc region with agricultural products from land that was very fertile but lacked rivers. Medium-sized buildings are still standing, most notably The Palace, which is finely decorated with stucco facade masks of Chaac the rain god.
The inhabitants erected beautiful pyramids and palaces upon impressive platforms in the mountains. Its extraordinary observatory is one of the most studied in Mesoamerica. The level of intricacy they achieved in the visual arts and their knowledge of engineering are plain to see. It is a World Heritage Site.
Monstrous serpent jaws are depicted at the entrance to the temples. This is associated with the Río Bec style, in which the horizontal takes precedence together with pairs of high, narrow towers crowned with small temples. The three towers in the Building of the Towers have been standing for thirteen centuries.
In the tenth century AD, the early inhabitants of the region of Yagul built communicating platforms across the hills that surround the Caballito Blanco plateau. On top of these they built pyramids, palaces, sepulchres and a great ballcourt. At one time they were all painted red, and they still astonish us to this day.
The settlement’s development was influenced by Teotihuacan, the Toltecs and the Nahua. When it was occupied by the Tlahuica, who spoke Nahuatl, it dominated. Once the Triple Alliance was formed the Mexica conquered Yautepec and forced it to pay tribute. A beautiful pyramid has been preserved.
In the Lacandon forest, on the banks of the Usumacinta River, lies this imposing city with beautiful architecture and sculptures. There are 124 remarkable inscriptions on stelae, altars and lintels, recording the acts of its governors, ceremonies, battles, rituals and daily life.
A Totonac settlement and important ceremonial center established high in the Sierra Madre. Notable for its monumental architecture with the characteristic niches of the region. Its ballcourt is one of the largest in Mesoamerica.
A Zapotec-Mixtec city still lived in when the Spanish arrived and governed by king Cosijoeza. It is known for its architecture and the tombs discovered here including one with a rich offering of gems and objects made from gold and precious metals.
Important Acolhua settlement, played an important role in the control of the trade routes of the Triple Alliance (Tlacopan, Texcoco and Tenochtitilan) with an unusual circular pyramid dedicated to Ehécatl. This site is better known as the place where a group of Spaniards were captured and sacrificed during the Conquest.
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