The cultural landscape of the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla consists of a series of caves and rock shelters with remains of human occupation going back to prehistoric times around 12,000 years ago. The main sites are named Duvil-Yasip, Yagul, Caballito Blanco, Los Compadres, El Fuerte, Corral de Piedra and Fortaleza de Mitla.
With the aim of documenting the archeological evidence, the National Institute of Anthropology and History began a long-term research and conservation project at the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla in 1986, covering the investigation and detailed documentation of all the caves, rock shelters and open sites including workshops, camps and quarries.
To date this project has recorded more than 100 caves and rock shelters with a high percentage of human occupation. The clearest evidence of this occupation can be seen at these sites, such as rock paintings and carvings, as well as the presence of lithic materials on the surface which demonstrate the development of stone artifacts in different cultural periods.
Because of its importance as a most ancient site, in 2010 UNESCO registered the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla as a World Heritage Site, in the category of cultural landscapes of outstanding universal value.
- The prehistoric occupation of these caves demonstrates a close link between man and nature.
- The Guila Naquitz cave finds include 10,000-year-old seeds of the gourd family (cucurbitaceae). These are the earliest traces of domesticated plants yet discovered on the American continent.
- Ears of corn have also been found, providing some of most ancient evidence for the domestication of this plant.
Para la visita es necesario hacer una solicitud en las oficinas del Centro-INAH de Oaxaca y al Comisariado de Bienes Comunales Unión Zapata.
+52 (951) 568 0316